Author(s): Lv X, Li Y, Jiiang C, Yang X, Wu Z
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Abstract We report our experience in treating patients with seizures associated with brain arteriovenous malformations (AVM) without a clinical history of intracranial hemorrhage. Between 2001 and 2003, the neurovascular unit at Beijing Tiantan Hospital treated 109 patients with brain AVM endovascularly. Thirty patients (27.5\%) experienced seizures before treatment. We studied the following factors: sex, age, AVM size, AVM location, seizure type, duration of seizure history, endovascular treatment and AVM obliteration. Clinical follow-up was via telephone interview. Thirty patients with seizure disorders due to brain AVMs were endovascularly treated. The age of the patients ranged from eight to 55 years. There were 22 males and eight females. The AVMs were smaller than 3 cm in five patients, between 3 cm and 6 cm in 22, and larger than 6 cm in three. The most frequent location of the AVMs was in the frontal, followed by the parietal, temporal and occipital lobes. Sixty-seven embolization procedures were performed and total obliteration was achieved in four patients. Two patients developed a hemiparesis and three suffered temporary dysphasia after embolization. Two patients had visual field deficits. There were no deaths. The results of post-embolization seizure control during the average follow-up period of 80 months were excellent in 21 patients, good in four, fair in two and poor in three. Successful seizure control can be obtained with endovascular embolization.
This article was published in Interv Neuroradiol
and referenced in Surgery: Current Research