alexa Brain nitric oxide changes after controlled cortical impact injury in rats.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Cherian L, Goodman JC, Robertson CS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Nitric oxide (NO) and the NO end products, nitrate and nitrite, were measured at the impact site after a 5-m/s, 3-mm deformation controlled cortical impact injury in rats. Immediately after the impact injury and the NO and microdialysis probes could be replaced, there was an increase from baseline in NO concentration of 83 +/- 16 (SE) nM, compared with 0.5 +/- 4 nM in the sham injured animals (P < 0.001). This marked increase in NO occurred at the time of the initial rise in blood pressure (BP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) in response to the injury. After the initial increase in BP and ICP, the BP decreased and stabilized at a value which was approximately 20 mmHg below the preinjury values, and ICP plateaued at an average value of 20 mmHg, compared with 8 mmHg in the sham-injured animals. This provided an average cerebral perfusion pressure of 40-50 mmHg, compared with 65-75 mmHg for the sham-injured animals. These values were relatively constant for the remainder of the 3-h monitoring period. The NO values also stabilized during this time period. By 1 h after the impact injury the NO concentration measured directly using the NO electrode had decreased from baseline values by an average value of 25 +/- 6 nM. NO concentration remained significantly lower than baseline values throughout the remainder of the 3-h monitoring period. The concentration of nitrate/nitrite in the dialysate fluid also decreased by an average value of 341 +/- 283 nM 20-40 min after the injury. Dialysate nitrite/nitrate concentrations remained less than the preinjury baseline values throughout the remainder of the 3-h monitoring period. Preinjury treatment with L-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) blunted the injury-induced increase in NO and resulted in more severe immediate intracranial hypertension and more severe systemic hypotension at one hour after injury. Mortality was also 67\% with L-NAME pretreatment, compared with 1\% in untreated animals.
This article was published in J Neurophysiol and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords