alexa Brain-derived neurotrophic factor enhances neuronal translation by activating multiple initiation processes: comparison with the effects of insulin.


Autism-Open Access

Author(s): Takei N, Kawamura M, Hara K, Yonezawa K, Nawa H

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Abstract The effects of neurotrophic factors on translational activation were investigated in cortical neurons. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) increased protein synthesis within 30 min, whereas insulin produced a weaker enhancement of protein synthesis. BDNF-triggered protein synthesis was inhibited by LY294002, PD98059, and rapamycin, whereas the effect of insulin was unaffected by PD98059. To explore the mechanisms underlying this effect, the protein phosphorylation cascades that lead to the activation of translation initiation in neurons were examined. BDNF induced the phosphorylation of both eukaryote initiation factor (eIF) 4E and its binding protein (eIF4E-binding protein-1). The former reaction was inhibited by PD98059, whereas the latter was inhibited by LY294002 or rapamycin. In agreement, BDNF induced the phosphorylation of mammalian TOR (target of rapamycin) and enhanced its kinase activity toward eIF4E-binding protein-1. In contrast, insulin failed to activate MAPK and did not induce the phosphorylation of eIF4E. Since BDNF and insulin increased the activity of eIF2B and eIF2, the only difference between them was eIF4E phosphorylation. Thus, this may explain the lower activity of insulin in potentiating neuronal protein synthesis. These results suggest strongly that BDNF simultaneously activates multiple signaling cascades consisting of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, mammalian TOR, and MAPK to enhance translation initiation in neurons. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Autism-Open Access

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