alexa Breast cancer stem cells and epithelial mesenchymal plasticity - Implications for chemoresistance.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Pinto CA, Widodo E, Waltham M, Thompson EW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Tumour heterogeneity is a key characteristic of cancer and has significant implications relating to tumour response to chemotherapy as well as patient prognosis and potential relapse. It is being increasingly accepted that tumours are clonal in origin, suggestive of a tumour arising from a deregulated or mutated cell. Cancer stem cells (CSC) possess these capabilities, and with appropriate intracellular triggers and/or signalling from extracellular environments, can purportedly differentiate to initiate tumour formation. Additionally through epithelial mesenchymal plasticity (EMP), where cells gain and maintain characteristics of both epithelial and mesenchymal cell types, epithelial-derived tumour cells have been shown to de-differentiate to acquire cancer stem attributes, which also impart chemotherapy resistance. This new paradigm places EMP centrally in the process of tumour progression and metastasis, as well as modulating drug response to current forms of chemotherapy. Furthermore, EMP and CSCs have been identified in cancers arising from different tissue types making it a possible generic therapeutic target in cancer biology. Using breast cancer (BrCa) as an example, we summarise here the current understanding of CSCs, the role of EMP in cancer biology - especially in CSCs and different molecular subtypes, and the implications this has for current and future cancer treatment strategies. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Cancer Lett and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Mapitsi S Thantsha
    In vitro antagonistic effects of Listeria adhesion protein (LAP)-expressing Lactobacillus casei against Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium Copenhagen
    PPT Version | PDF Version
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords