alexa Breastfeeding policy: A globally comparative analysis
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Arts and Social Sciences Journal

Author(s): Heymann J

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Breastfeeding lowers the risk of diarrhoeal disease by four- to 14-fold1 and the risk of respiratory illness by fivefold.2 Although the absolute benefits are greater in settings of poverty, poor nutrition and poor hygiene, where baseline disease rates are higher, the relative risk of these illnesses is significantly reduced by breastfeeding in high-income settings as well.3–5 Breast milk also markedly improves nutritional status in infants. Since malnutrition contributes to half of all infant deaths,6 breastfeeding helps to reduce infant mortality. Studies around the world in affluent and poor nations alike have shown a 1.5- to five-fold decrease in mortality among breastfed infants. 7–10 Breastfeeding has also been associated with lower rates of chronic diseases such as diabetes 11,12 and inflammatory bowel disease13,14 and with improved neurocognitive development

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This article was published in Bulletin of the World Health Organization and referenced in Arts and Social Sciences Journal

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