alexa Bromophenol blue binding as a probe to study urea and guanidine hydrochloride denaturation of bovine serum albumin.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

Author(s): Halim AA, Kadir HA, Tayyab S

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Abstract Urea and guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) denaturation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated using bromophenol blue (BPB) binding as a probe. Addition of BPB to BSA produced an absorption difference spectrum in the wavelength range, 525-675 nm with a minimum at 587 nm and a maximum at 619 nm. The magnitude of absorption difference (DeltaAbs.) at 619 nm decreased on increasing urea/GdnHCl concentration and followed the denaturation curve. The denaturation was found to be a two-state, single-step transition. The transitions started at 1.75 and 0.875 M and completed at 6.5 and 3.25 M with the mid point occurring around 4.0 and 1.5 M urea and GdnHCl concentrations, respectively. The value of free energy of stabilization, DeltaGDH2O as determined from urea and GdnHCl denaturation curves was found to be 4041 and 4602 cal/mol, respectively. Taken together, these results suggest that BPB binding can be used as a probe to study urea and GdnHCl denaturation of BSA. This article was published in J Biochem and referenced in Mass Spectrometry & Purification Techniques

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