alexa Brucella bacteraemia: clinical and laboratory observations in 160 patients.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health

Author(s): Memish Z, Mah MW, Al Mahmoud S, Al Shaalan M, Khan MY

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, serological, and prognostic features of bacteraemic brucellosis in an endemic region. METHODS: Retrospective case series of 160 patients admitted from 1983 to 1995 to a hospital providing secondary and tertiary level medical care in Saudi Arabia. All patients had positive blood cultures for Brucella species, predominantly Brucella melitensis. RESULTS: Bacteraemia was documented in 38\% of 545 cases of brucellosis admitted to our institution during the study period. The main clinical syndromes were febrile illness alone (44\%) or fever with arthritis (42\%). Of 68 isolates that were speciated, 93\% were Brucella melitensis. Initial agglutinating antibody titre was > or =1:320 in 96\% of the patients. Antimicrobial resistance of B.melitensis isolates was: co-trimoxazole, 29\%; rifampicin, 3.5\%; streptomycin, 0.6\%; and tetracycline, 0.6\%. No increase in resistance was noted over the 13-year study period. Commonly used antimicrobial regimens consisted of streptomycin plus tetracycline or rifampicin plus doxycycline given for 6 weeks. Seven patients (5\%) had relapse of their symptoms after antimicrobial therapy. Three of these had infective endocarditis with repeated bacteraemia. These patients required aortic valve replacement and recovered after surgery. The remaining four patients responded to a second course of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Brucella bacteraemia is an acute febrile disease often associated with rheumatologic complaints. Most patients have an agglutinating antibody titre > or =1:320 and respond well to standard chemotherapy regimens with low mortality.
This article was published in J Infect and referenced in Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords