Author(s): AhmadiAbhari S, Moayyeri A, Abolhassani F
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Abstract To measure the burden caused by hip fracture in Iran and to compare it with other parts of the world, we applied the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) method created by the World Health Organization. The GBD method uses disability-adjusted life years (DALY), which is comprised of years of life lost (YLL) and years of life lived with disability (YLD). To calculate YLD, incidence of hip fracture was obtained from the Iranian Multicenter Study on Accidental Injuries, a large-scale nationwide prospective study. Disability weights were applied to the remaining duration of disease. To calculate YLL, remaining years of potential life at any age at death were calculated using the standard life table. A discount rate of 3\% and age weighting were applied. Hip fracture generated 16,708 DALYs, comprising 8,812 (52.7\%) YLL and 7,896 (47.3\%) YLD. Iran accounted for 0.85\% of the global burden of hip fracture and 12.4\% of the burden of hip fracture in the Middle East. The female to male ratio in Iran (1.1) was lower than the global (2.2) and the Middle Eastern (1.4) ratios and higher than the ratios in China and India (1.0 and 0.9, respectively). In conclusion, hip fracture is not as much a cause of disease burden in Iran as in the developed regions of the world. We recommend utilization of the standardized GBD method to calculate burden of osteoporosis in different countries and to set local priorities according to these measures.
This article was published in Calcif Tissue Int
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy