Author(s): Lin F, St John W, McVeigh C
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Abstract AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the level of burnout and factors that contribute to burnout in hospital nurses in the People's Republic of China. BACKGROUND: While burnout among hospital nurses has been widely researched in western countries, little research has investigated burnout among hospital nurses in China. METHOD: A translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey was used to measure burnout in 249 randomly selected nurses from various wards of a large teaching hospital in Beijing, China. Questionnaire packs were sent to the hospital wards where selected nurses worked. One hundred and twenty-eight nurses returned the completed questionnaire. The response rate was 51\%. RESULTS: The results showed moderate levels of Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment, and low levels of Depersonalization. Age, years of experience and professional title had a significant positive relationship with Emotional Exhaustion and Personal Accomplishment. Older, married nurses with more personal responsibilities and in a more senior position experienced higher levels of Emotional Exhaustion. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that burnout is a significant issue for nurses in China. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The results of this study indicate that working environment factors such as relationships with coworkers and managers may contribute to or mitigate burnout. There is a need to address personal and professional support, life-work balance, personal accomplishment and educational programmes to reduce burnout in nurses working in China.
This article was published in J Nurs Manag
and referenced in Biology and Medicine