Author(s): Xu S, Chen S, Zhang M, Shen T, Zhao Y,
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Abstract 2-Butylamino-2-demethoxy-hypocrellin A (BAHA) and B (BAHB) are new photosensitizers synthesized by a mild reaction of hypocrellins and butylamine. In BAHA and BAHB, the peri-hydroxylated perylenequinone structure of the parent hypocrellins is preserved and the red absorption is enhanced distinctly. Electron paramagnetic resonance spin trapping measurements and 9,10-diphenylanthracene bleaching studies were used to investigate the photodynamic action of BAHA and BAHB in the presence of oxygen. Singlet oxygen (1O2) and superoxide anion radical (O2(*-)) produced by illuminating BAHA and BAHB in aerobic solution have been observed. Compared with hypocrellin A and B, BAHA and BAHB primarily remained able to generate 1O2 and enhanced distinctly the O2(*-)-generating abilities. The photodynamic action of BAHA and BAHB in the therapy of cancer was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Both in vitro and in vivo results revealed a significant decrease in cancer cell growth. Laser or dye alone had no effect, indicating that intratumor BAHA and laser therapy may prove useful in unresectable cancer.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques