Author(s): Whitaker IS, Cheung CK, Chahal CA, Karoo RO, Gulati A,
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Abstract The therapeutic use of leeches in medicine dates back to 50 b.c. and was cited by ancient authors. The medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, has been used with increasing frequency during the past few years by reconstructive surgeons to help salvage ischaemic tissues. We aim to summarise the anatomy, physiology, and pharmacological mechanisms of action of leeches to provide reconstructive surgeons with a theoretical basis for their use.
This article was published in Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta