Author(s): Churchill GC, Lurtz MM, Louis CF
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Abstract The quantitative effects of Ca(2+) signaling on gap junctional coupling in lens epithelial cells have been determined using either the spread of Mn(2+) that is imaged by its ability to quench the fluorescence of fura 2 or the spread of the fluorescent dye Alexa Fluor 594. Gap junctional coupling was unaffected by a mechanically stimulated cell-to-cell Ca(2+) wave. Furthermore, when cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration (Ca) increased after the addition of the agonist ATP, coupling was unaffected during the period that Ca was maximal. However, coupling decreased transiently approximately 5-10 min after agonist addition when Ca returned to resting levels, indicating that this transient decrease in coupling was unlikely due to a direct action of Ca on gap junctions. An increase in Ca mediated by the ionophore ionomycin that was sustained for several minutes resulted in a more rapid and sustained decrease in coupling (IC(50) ~300 nM Ca(2+), Hill coefficient of 4), indicating that an increase in Ca alone could regulate gap junctions. Thus Ca increases that occurred during agonist stimulation and cell-to-cell Ca(2+) waves were too transient to mediate a sustained uncoupling of lens epithelial cells.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Cell Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology