alexa Ca2+ storage in Trypanosoma brucei: the influence of cytoplasmic pH and importance of vacuolar acidity.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Scott DA, Moreno SN, Docampo R, Scott DA, Moreno SN, Docampo R

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Abstract The hypothesis that changes in cytosolic pH effect the release from intracellular compartments of stored calcium in Trypanosoma brucei was addressed by the use of procyclic and bloodstream trypomastigotes of T. brucei loaded with the fluorescent reagents 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxyethyl)-5(and 6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF) to measure intracellular pH (pHi), or fura 2 to measure intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i). Experiments were performed in EGTA-containing buffers, so increases in [Ca2+]i reflected release of stored calcium rather than Ca2+ entry. Nigericin reduced pHi and increased [Ca2+]i in loaded cells, whilst propionate reduced pHi, but did not affect [Ca2+]i, and NH4Cl increased both variables, so there appears to be no correlation between pHi and [Ca2+]i. Treatment of the cells with the calcium ionophore ionomycin under similar conditions (nominal absence of extracellular Ca2+) resulted in an increase of [Ca2+]i which was greatly increased by addition of either NH4Cl, nigericin or the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1. Similar results were obtained when the order of additions was reversed or when digitonin-permeabilized cells were used with the Ca2+ indicator arsenazo III. The results suggest that more Ca2+ is stored in this acidic compartment in procyclic than in bloodstream forms. Taking into account the relative importance of the ionomycin-releasable and the ionomycin-plus-NH4Cl-releasable Ca2+ pools, it is apparent that a significant amount of the Ca2+ stored in T. brucei trypomastigotes is present in the acidic compartment thus identified.
This article was published in Biochem J and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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