Author(s): Katsuta O, Hiratsuka H, Matsumoto J, Iwata H, Toyota N,
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Abstract The effects of long-term administration of cadmium (Cd) chloride on the bone were studied using ovariectomized rats. The rats were injected iv with the compound at doses of 1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg, 5 days a week, for 13 weeks. The serum concentrations of calcium and inorganic phosphorus were significantly increased from 8 weeks in the 2.0 mg/kg group. The bone Cd content was gradually increased for 13 weeks in a dose-dependent manner. Calcium and phosphorus contents in the bone, and serum levels of parathyroid hormone and osteocalcin, were not significantly different between Cd-treated and control rats. Histopathologically, chronic Cd nephropathy such as tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis was observed with clinical polyuria and increased enzymuria. The skeletal changes were detected mainly in the femur and tibia. In the metaphysis of Cd-treated rats, cancellous bone mass increased with time. This change was detected as an increased opacity by a roentgenogram. In the cortical bone of the midshaft haversian canals were dilated with clearly bordered osteoid seams and showed a motheaten pattern in rats in the 2.0 mg/kg group at 13 weeks. In the present study, we report Cd nephropathy and osteomalacic changes in ovariectomized rats with iv injection of CdCl2 for 13 weeks. Although an involvement of the indirect action of Cd through renal failure could not be ruled out in this experiment, our biochemical and pathological data suggested that osteomalacia was induced by a direct action of Cd on the bone through abnormal calcium homeostasis.
This article was published in Toxicol Appl Pharmacol
and referenced in Advanced Techniques in Biology & Medicine