alexa Cadmium-induced testicular damage in a rat model of subchronic intoxication
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics

Author(s): Teiichiro Aoyagi

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Background Cadmium (Cd)-induced testicular damage in relation to spermatogenesis has not been well studied. We studied the mechanism of Cd-induced testicular damage in a rat model of subchronic intoxication. Methods Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subcutaneously injected with 0.6 mg Cd/kg per day for 6 weeks. The concentration of Cd in urine, serum and testes was measured by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Testicular damage was evaluated by counting the spermatogonia (SG) and spermatocytes (SC) on one cut-surface of five seminiferous tubules in stages VII or VIII of spermatogenesis every week. The location of intratesticular cadmium was determined by using oxine-fluorescent cytochemistry. Results There were no differences in the testes/bodyweight ratio between the study and control groups. The concentration of Cd in the testes increased more than 100-fold that in serum after week 2, suggesting active testicular Cd accumulation (1–3 mg/g tissue). Cadmium accumulation was detected in SG and SC. The number of SG and SC diminished significantly in the study group (week 2: SG 74%, SC 90%; week 4: SG 47%, SC 75%; week 6: SG 30%, SC 54% of the control, respectively). Conclusions Cadmium accumulated in SG and SC, consequently reduced the number of these cells, and disturbed the spermatogenesis in this rat model of subchronic Cd intoxication. Therefore, the number of SG decreased in this rat model of subchronic Cd intoxication.

This article was published in Reproductive Medicine and Biology and referenced in Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics

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