Author(s): Bernstein GA, Carroll ME, Thuras PD, Cosgrove KP, Roth ME
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Abstract This study identifies and characterizes symptoms of caffeine dependence in adolescents. Thirty-six adolescents who consumed caffeine daily and had some features of caffeine dependence on telephone screen were scheduled for outpatient evaluation. Evaluation included the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV-Youth Version (DISC-IV) and modified DISC-IV questions that assessed caffeine dependence based on DSM-IV substance dependence criteria. Of 36 subjects, 41.7\% (n=15) reported tolerance to caffeine, 77.8\% (n=28) described withdrawal symptoms after cessation or reduction of caffeine intake, 38.9\% (n=14) reported desire or unsuccessful attempts to control use, and 16.7\% (n=6) endorsed use despite knowledge of physical or psychological problems associated with caffeine. There was no significant difference in the amount of caffeine consumed daily by caffeine dependent versus non-dependent teenagers. These findings are important due to the vast number of adolescents who drink caffeinated beverages.
This article was published in Drug Alcohol Depend
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy