alexa Calbindin-d(28k): a marker of recurrence for medulloblastomas.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Pelc K, Vincent S, Ruchoux MM, Kiss R, Pochet R,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: The expression of the Ca(2+)-binding protein calbindin-D(28k) was analyzed in medulloblastomas in relation to clinical features and other biologic markers related to cell proliferation, differentiation, p53, and cerebellar developmental regulated gene expression. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was carried out on histologic slides from a first retrospective series of 29 nonmetastatic and 10 metastatic medulloblastoma formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, using specific antibodies against calbindin-D(28k), calretinin, alpha-parvalbumin and beta-parvalbumin, and S100 proteins. Informed consent was obtained from the subjects and/or guardians. Other biologic markers for differentiation, cell proliferation, the expression of the p53 tumor suppressor gene protein, and cerebellar developmental regulated genes were similarly investigated. A second series of 16 medulloblastomas from young patients (younger than 15 years) was added in order to validate the results obtained in the first series. RESULTS: Of all the markers investigated, only calbindin-D(28k) was significantly associated with prognosis. Survival and remission (i.e. recurrence free) time analysis performed on all the cases (n = 55) confirmed a high risk of death (P = 0.004) and recurrence (P = 0.003) associated with calbindin-positivity. As calbindin-positivity was predominantly observed in tumors from young patients, the authors confirmed its prognostic value in the subgroup of patients younger than 15 years (n = 37). Cox regression analysis showed a significant and independent prognostic value for calbindin expression and, to a lesser extent, the type of surgery (total or subtotal). Three risk groups were thus identified, distinguishing among the cases characterized by a total resection and calbindin-negativity (good prognosis), by a subtotal resection and calbindin-negativity (intermediary), and by calbindin-positivity (bad prognosis). CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that calbindin-positive medulloblastomas represent a subclass of aggressive tumors more frequently seen in younger patients. Copyright 2002 American Cancer Society.DOI 10.1002/cncr.10666 This article was published in Cancer and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

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