Author(s): Li Q, Wang J, Armant DR, Bagchi MK, Bagchi IC
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Previous studies indicated that calcitonin (CT), a peptide hormone involved in calcium homeostasis, is transiently expressed in the receptive rat and human endometrial epithelia within the window of implantation. Attenuation of uterine CT expression using antisense methods severely impaired implantation in the rat. The molecular pathway of CT in the pregnant uterus, however, remains unknown. In the present study, we investigated the cellular events following the binding of CT to its membrane receptors in human endometrial epithelial cell line Ishikawa. We observed that CT treatment triggers a transient rise in intracellular calcium in these cells. Most interestingly, CT treatment also led to the disappearance of E-cadherin, a critical cell adhesion molecule, from cell-cell contact sites. Blockade of intracellular calcium release by BAPTA-AM (1,2-bis(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid-acetoxymethyl) prevented the CT-induced disappearance of E-cadherin. Our studies further revealed that CT treatment markedly down-regulates the level of E-cadherin mRNA in Ishikawa cells. We also examined whether CT influences the expression of E-cadherin mRNA in intact rat uterine tissue during implantation. In pregnant rats, high levels of E-cadherin mRNA were expressed during the first 3 days of gestation when the CT mRNA in uterine epithelial cells is undetectable. Concomitant with a transient burst of CT expression during days 4-5 of pregnancy, the level of E-cadherin mRNA declined sharply. Furthermore, administration of exogenous CT to animals on day 2 of pregnancy led to a premature suppression of E-cadherin mRNA level on day 3, indicating a direct link between elevated levels of uterine CT and the down-regulation of E-cadherin expression in the surface epithelium. Collectively, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that CT-induced reduction in E-cadherin expression may remodel the adherens junctions between epithelial cells, and this change in epithelial cell phenotype might be a critical event during the implantation of the blastocyst.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Cell & Developmental Biology