alexa Calcitonin has a vasopressin-like effect on aquaporin-2 trafficking and urinary concentration.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Bouley R, Lu HA, Nunes P, Da Silva N, McLaughlin M,

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Abstract The most common cause of hereditary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is a nonfunctional vasopressin (VP) receptor type 2 (V2R). Calcitonin, another ligand of G-protein-coupled receptors, has a VP-like effect on electrolytes and water reabsorption, suggesting that it may affect AQP2 trafficking. Here, calcitonin increased intracellular cAMP and stimulated the membrane accumulation of AQP2 in LLC-PK1 cells. Pharmacologic inhibition of protein kinase A (PKA) and deficiency of a critical PKA phosphorylation site on AQP2 both prevented calcitonin-induced membrane accumulation of AQP2. Fluorescence assays showed that calcitonin led to a 70\% increase in exocytosis and a 20\% decrease in endocytosis of AQP2. Immunostaining of rat kidney slices demonstrated that calcitonin induced a significant redistribution of AQP2 to the apical membrane of principal cells in cortical collecting ducts and connecting segments but not in the inner stripe or inner medulla. Calcitonin-treated VP-deficient Brattleboro rats had a reduced urine flow and two-fold higher urine osmolality during the first 12 hours of treatment compared with control groups. Although this VP-like effect of calcitonin diminished over the following 72 hours, the tachyphylaxis was reversible. Taken together, these data show that calcitonin induces cAMP-dependent AQP2 trafficking in cortical collecting and connecting tubules in parallel with an increase in urine concentration. This suggests that calcitonin has a potential therapeutic use in nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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