alexa Calmodulin-dependent kinase II mediates T cell receptor CD3- and phorbol ester-induced activation of IkappaB kinase.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Hughes K, Edin S, Antonsson A, Grundstrm T

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Numerous fundamental biological processes involve the NFkappaB family of transcription factors. The mechanisms by which this family of proteins is regulated are therefore of widespread importance. In most cells, NFkappaB is bound to inhibitory IkappaB proteins and sequestered in the cytoplasm. NFkappaB-inducing signals result in activation of a large multisubunit kinase complex, IKK, which phosphorylates IkappaB. IkappaB is subsequently degraded, releasing NFkappaB, which translocates to the nucleus. We previously reported that inhibitors of the calcium-binding protein calmodulin (CaM) prevent phorbol ester-induced phosphorylation of IkappaB. Here we show that KN93, an inhibitor of CaM-dependent kinases (CaMKs), also inhibits the phosphorylation of IkappaB. The effect of both CaM and CaMK inhibitors on IkappaB phosphorylation is due to the inhibition of the activity of CaMK II because neither drug has any effect when a derivative of CaMK II that is insensitive to these inhibitors is expressed. When CaMK II is inhibited, phorbol ester is no longer able to activate IKK, placing CaMK II in the signaling pathway that leads to IKK activation. CaM and CaMK inhibitors also block T cell receptor/CD3-induced activation but have no effect on the ability of the cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha or the phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A to induce degradation of IkappaB. Finally we show that expression of a constitutively active CaMK II results in the activation of NFkappaB. The results identify CaMK II as a mediator of IKK activation specifically in response to T cell receptor/CD3 and phorbol ester stimulation. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version