alexa Caloric restriction alleviates abnormal locomotor activity and dopamine levels in the brain of the methionine sulfoxide reductase A knockout mouse.


Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Oien DB, Osterhaus GL, Lundquist BL, Fowler SC, Moskovitz J

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Abstract Oxidative stress is associated with the aging process, a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases, and decreased by reduced energy intake. Oxidative modifications can affect protein function; the sulfur-containing amino acids, including methionine, are particularly susceptible to oxidation. A methionine sulfoxide can be enzymatically reduced by the methionine sulfoxide reductase (Msr) system. Previously, we have shown that MsrA(-/-) mice exhibit altered locomotor activity and brain dopamine levels as function of age. Previous studies have demonstrated that a caloric restriction enhances antioxidant defense and reduces the action of reactive oxygen species. Here we examine locomotor behavior and dopamine levels of MsrA(-/-) mice after caloric restriction starting at eight months of age and ending at 17 months. The MsrA(-/-) mice did not have any significant difference in spontaneous distance traveled when compared to controls at 17 months of age. In contrast, our previous report showed decreased locomotor activity in the MsrA(-/-) mice at 12 months of age and older when fed ad-libitum. After completion of the caloric restriction diet, dopamine levels were comparable to control mice. This differs from the abnormal dopamine levels previously observed in MsrA(-/-) mice fed ad-libitum. Thus, caloric restriction had a neutralization effect on MsrA ablation. In summary, it is suggested that caloric restriction alleviates abnormal locomotor activity and dopamine levels in the brain of the methionine sulfoxide reductase A knockout mouse.
This article was published in Neurosci Lett and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

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