alexa Camptocormia: the bent spine syndrome, an update.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Lenoir T, Guedj N, Boulu P, Guigui P, Benoist M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Camptocormia, also referred to as bent spine syndrome (BSS) is defined as an abnormal flexion of the trunk, appearing in standing position, increasing during walking and abating in supine position. BSS was initially considered, especially in wartime, as a psychogenic disorder. It is now recognized that in addition to psychiatric syndromes, many cases of reducible BSS have a somatic origin related to a number of musculo-skeletal or neurological disorders. The majority of BSS of muscular origin is related to a primary idiopathic axial myopathy of late onset, appearing progressively in elderly patients. Diagnosis of axial myopathy first described by Laroche et al. is based upon CT/MRI examination demonstrating massive fatty infiltration of paravertebral muscles. The non-specific histological aspect includes an extensive endomysial fibrosis and fat tissue with irregular degenerated fibers. Weakness of the paravertebral muscles can be secondary to a wide variety of diseases generating diffuse pathologic changes in the muscular tissue. BSS can be the predominant and sometimes revealing symptom of a more generalized muscular disorder. Causes of secondary BSS are numerous. They must be carefully assessed and ruled out before considering the diagnosis of primary axial myopathy. The principal etiologies include on the one hand inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophies of late onset, myotonic myopathies, endocrine and metabolic myopathies, and on the other hand neurological disorders, principally Parkinson's disease. Camptocormia in Parkinsonism is caused by axial dystonia, which is the hallmark of Parkinson's disease. There is no specific pharmacologic treatment for primary axial myopathy. General activity, walking with a cane, physiotherapy, and exercises should be encouraged. Treatment of secondary forms of BSS is dependent upon the variety of the disorder generating the muscular pathology. Pharmacologic and general management of camptocormia in Parkinson's disease merge with that of Parkinsonism. Levodopa treatment, usually active on tumor rigidity and akinesia, has poor or negative effect on BSS.
This article was published in Eur Spine J and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords