Author(s): Tee W, Mijch A
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Abstract Clinical and bacteriologic features and clinical outcomes of culture-confirmed campylobacter bacteremia in 21 patients (including nine human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]-infected subjects and 12 non-HIV-infected subjects) were retrospectively evaluated and compared. This study highlights differences between HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected individuals. Campylobacter jejuni bacteremia in HIV-infected patients was found to often be a severe, debilitating febrile illness requiring multiple and prolonged courses of antibiotic therapy. Extraintestinal features, particularly pulmonary involvement, were often observed. Cellulitis occurred in one patient. By contrast, in non-HIV-infected patients, the illness was generally an acute onset of fever associated with self-limiting enteritis, with fever resolving rapidly with antibiotic treatment. Travel history (42\% of cases) appeared to be a common risk factor in the latter group. Two of these patients had cutaneous manifestations, thus suggesting that some strains may be more invasive. This study suggests that campylobacter bacteremia is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected individuals; the overall mortality rate among HIV-infected patients with bacteremia in this study was 33\%. This is not the case for immunocompetent patients, in whom death rarely occurs.
This article was published in Clin Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals