Author(s): Williams KV, Erbey JR, Becker D, Arslanian S, Orchard TJ, Williams KV, Erbey JR, Becker D, Arslanian S, Orchard TJ
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Abstract An insulin resistance syndrome (IRS) score was developed based on clinical risk factors in adults with childhood-onset type 1 diabetes in the Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications (EDC) Study and was validated using euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp studies. Hypertension, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels, family history of type 2 diabetes, and glycemic control were risk factors used to define the score. A score of 1 (lowest likelihood IRS) to 3 (highest likelihood IRS) was assigned for each risk factor. Eligible subjects (n = 24) were recruited from the EDC cohort based on tertile of IRS score. Subjects received an overnight insulin infusion to normalize glucose levels, then underwent a 3-h euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic (60 mU x m(-2) x min(-1)) clamp. Glucose disposal rate (GDR) was determined during the last 30 min of the clamp. The GDR differed significantly by IRS group (9.65 +/- 2.99, 8.02 +/- 1.39, and 5.68 +/- 2.16 mg x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.01). The GDR was inversely correlated with the IRS score (r = -0.64, P < 0.01). Using linear regression, the combination of risk factors that yielded the highest adjusted r2 value (0.57, P < 0.001) were WHR, hypertension, and HbA1. This study found that clinical risk factors can be used to identify subjects with type 1 diabetes who are insulin resistant, and it provides validation of a score based on clinical factors to determine the extent of insulin resistance in type 1 diabetes. This score will be applied to the entire EDC population in future studies to determine the effect of insulin resistance on complications.
This article was published in Diabetes
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research