Author(s): de MargerieMellon C, Turc G, Tisserand M, Naggara O, Calvet D,
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The extent of diffusion lesion on pretreatment imaging is a risk factor for poor outcome and hemorrhagic transformation after thrombolysis, and volumes of 70 to 100 mL have been advocated as cut-offs. However, estimating diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion volume (VolDWI) in the acute setting may be cumbersome. We aimed to determine whether the DWI-Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (DWI-ASPECTS) can substitute for VolDWI. METHODS: DWI-ASPECTS and VolDWI were measured retrospectively on pretreatment MRI (median onset-to-MRI delay=122 minutes) in 330 consecutively treated patients with middle cerebral artery stroke. RESULTS: DWI-ASPECTS and VolDWI were strongly correlated (ρ=-0.82), but each DWI-ASPECTS point corresponded to a wide range of VolDWI. All patients with DWI-ASPECTS≥7 (n=207) had VolDWI<70 mL, whereas 32 of the 34 patients with DWI-ASPECTS<4 had VolDWI>100 mL. However, intermediate DWI-ASPECTS (4-6; n=89) corresponded to highly variable VolDWI (median, 66 mL; interquartile range, 40-98). CONCLUSIONS: Although each DWI-ASPECTS point corresponds to a wide range of volumes, DWI-ASPECTS<4 or ≥7 may be used as reliable surrogates of VolDWI>100 or <70 mL, respectively.
This article was published in Stroke
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation