alexa Can prophylactic bilateral C4 C5 foraminotomy prevent postoperative C5 palsy after open-door laminoplasty?: a prospective study.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Spine

Author(s): Katsumi K, Yamazaki A, Watanabe K, Ohashi M, Shoji H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of prophylactic C4/C5 microforaminotomy with open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy in preventing postoperative C5 palsy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Postoperative C5 palsy is a common complication of cervical laminoplasty. Although the etiology of C5 palsy and preventive measures remain unclear, we hypothesize that C5 palsy is caused by C5 nerve root impairment induced by potential C4/C5 foraminal stenosis and posterior shifting of the spinal cord after laminoplasty. METHODS: The study included 141 consecutive patients with cervical myelopathy (103 men and 38 women) who underwent open-door laminoplasty with prophylactic bilateral C4/C5 foraminotomy between 2009 and 2010. These were designated as the foraminotomy group (FG). One hundred forty-one consecutive patients (100 men and 41 women) who underwent open-door laminoplasty without prophylactic foraminotomy during 2006 to 2008 served as a control group. This was the nonforaminotomy group (NFG). The incidence of C5 palsy, operation time, blood loss, and the number of decompressed disc levels were recorded. RESULTS: The incidence of C5 palsy was 1.4\% (2 of 141 cases) in the FG, and 6.4\% (9 of 141 cases) in the NFG. The mean operation times were 129 and 102 minutes, respectively. There were significant differences in the incidence of C5 palsy and operation time (both comparisons, P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in blood loss or the number of decompressed disc levels (both comparisons, P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Prophylactic bilateral C4/C5 microforaminotomy significantly decreased the incidence of postoperative C5 palsy. These results suggest that the main etiology of C5 palsy was C5 root impairment. However, 2 patients experienced C5 palsy despite undergoing prophylactic foraminotomy, which indicated that other factors including spinal cord impairment after acute decompression against cervical canal stenosis may also be considered as minor etiologies of C5 palsy. We conclude that prophylactic C4/C5 foraminotomy was an effective preventive measure against postoperative C5 palsy after laminoplasty. This article was published in Spine (Phila Pa 1976) and referenced in Journal of Spine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 18th Global Neurologists Annual Meeting on Neurology and Neurosurgery
    Nov 13-15, 2017, Athens, Greece
  • 2nd International Conference on Pediatric Neurology  
    August 31-September 01, 2017 Prague, Czech Republic
  • 12th Global Neurologists Annual Meeting on Neurology and Neurosurgery
    November 16-18, 2017 Lisbon, Portugal

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords