alexa Cancer patterns and risk factors in the African population of southwestern Zimbabwe, 1963-1977.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Parkin DM, Vizcaino AP, Skinner ME, Ndhlovu A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The incidence of cancer and the importance of some selected risk factors in its etiology were estimated from the data collected in the cancer registry of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, during the period 1963-1977. Cancer cases were interviewed with a standard questionnaire, and more than 71\% of these were complete. In men, the most frequent cancer sites were liver, esophagus, and lung, while in women, cervical cancer was the dominant malignant tumor, followed by cancers of the liver, breast, and bladder. Risk factors of cancer cases were estimated by case-control analysis in which other cancers (excluding tobacco-related cancers in men and hormone-related cancers in women) were considered as controls. In men, tobacco smoking was associated with increased risk of lung cancer (odds ratio OR2, 5.2) and esophagus cancer (OR, 5.6) in the highest consumption category (15 g of tobacco per day) compared to nonsmokers. Copper (OR, 1.5), gold (OR, 1.5), and nickel (OR, 2.6) miners had an increased risk of lung cancer, but no increase was found among asbestos miners (OR, 0.7). There was no independent effect of alcohol consumption on the risk of esophagus cancer. The presence of schistosomiasis was associated with a significantly increased risk of bladder cancer (OR, 3.9). The risk of invasive cervical cancer increased with number of children--the estimated odds ratio was 1.8 in women with six or more births--but no consistent association was found for first intercourse. In postmenopausal women, the risk of breast cancer increased with age at first pregnancy (but not in the highly fertile) and decreased with high parity, if age at first pregnancy was 19 or more.
This article was published in Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

b[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords