Author(s): Hendrickx L, Van Wijngaerden E, Samson I, Peetermans WE
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Abstract The incidence of deep-seated candidal infection is increasing, but candidal vertebral osteomyelitis is still rare. We describe 6 patients recently treated in our hospital. Conservative treatment failed in all. We reviewed the literature and identified 59 additional cases of candidal vertebral osteomyelitis. Candidemia was documented in 61.5\% of them. The interval between the diagnosis of candidemia and the onset of symptoms of vertebral osteomyelitis varied widely, from days to >1 year. In patients without documented candidemia, there was a similar interval between the occurrence of risk factors for candidemia (present in 72\% of the patients) and the onset of symptoms of vertebral osteomyelitis. Clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings are not specific for candidal spondylodiskitis. Final diagnosis is determined by means of culture of a biopsy specimen from the infected vertebra or disk. Treatment consisted of prolonged antifungal treatment, and it often included surgery. On the basis of our experience (for all 6 patients, initial conservative treatment with only antifungals failed), we recommend consideration of early surgical debridement in combination with prolonged antifungal therapy.
This article was published in Clin Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Spine