alexa Cannabis-related impairment and social anxiety: the roles of gender and cannabis use motives.
Business & Management

Business & Management

Journal of Global Economics

Author(s): Buckner JD, Zvolensky MJ, Schmidt NB

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Abstract Social anxiety appears to be especially related to cannabis-related problems, yet the nature of this association remains unclear. Some data suggest that socially anxious men may be especially vulnerable to problematic cannabis use. The current study examined the relations between social anxiety, cannabis use and use-related problems, and motives for cannabis use by gender among 174 (42.5\% female) current (past-month) cannabis users. Among men, social anxiety was significantly, positively related to the number of cannabis-related problems and coping and conformity motives. Coping and conformity motives mediated the relation between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems. Among women, social anxiety was significantly related only to social motives, and was unrelated to cannabis-related problems. These findings suggest that socially anxious men may be especially vulnerable to using cannabis as a means of avoidance coping (avoiding scrutiny and negative affect), which may contribute to the high rates of cannabis-related problems among socially anxious individuals. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Addict Behav and referenced in Journal of Global Economics

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