Author(s): Magnon C, Galaup A, Mullan B, Rouffiac V, Bouquet C,
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Abstract Canstatin, the noncollagenous domain of collagen type IV alpha-chains, belongs to a series of collagen-derived angiogenic inhibitors. We have elucidated the functional receptors and intracellular signaling induced by canstatin that explain its strong antitumor efficacy in vivo. For this purpose, we generated a canstatin-human serum albumin (CanHSA) fusion protein, employing the HSA moiety as an expression tag. We show that CanHSA triggers a crucial mitochondrial apoptotic mechanism through procaspase-9 cleavage in both endothelial and tumor cells, which is mediated through cross-talk between alphavbeta3- and alphavbeta5-integrin receptors. As a point of reference, we employed the first three kringle domains of angiostatin (K1-3), fused with HSA, which, in contrast to CanHSA, act only on endothelial cells through alphavbeta3-integrin receptor-mediated activation of caspase-8 alone, without ensuing mitochondrial damage. Taken together, these results provide insights into how canstatin might exert its strong anticancer effect.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis