alexa Canstatin inhibits Akt activation and induces Fas-dependent apoptosis in endothelial cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Panka DJ, Mier JW

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Abstract Canstatin, a 24-kDa peptide derived from the C-terminal globular non-collagenous (NC1) domain of the alpha2 chain of type IV collagen, was previously shown to induce apoptosis in cultured endothelial cells and to inhibit angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. In this report, we demonstrate that canstatin inhibits the phosphorylation of Akt, focal adhesion kinase, mammalian target of rapamycin, eukaryotic initiation factor-4E-binding protein-1, and ribosomal S6 kinase in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. It also induces Fas ligand expression, activates procaspases 8 and 9 cleavage, reduces mitochondrial membrane potential, and increases cell death (as determined by propidium iodide staining). Canstatin-induced activation of procaspases 8 and 9 as well as the induced reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential and cell viability were attenuated by the forced expression of FLICE-inhibitory protein. Canstatin-induced procaspase 8 activation and cell death were also inhibited by a neutralizing anti-Fas antibody. Collectively, these data indicate that canstatin-induced apoptosis is associated with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt inhibition and is dependent upon signaling events transduced through membrane death receptors. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

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