Author(s): He GA, Luo JX, Zhang TY, Wang FY, Li RF
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Abstract Type IV collagen is one of the components of vascular basement involved in regulation of angiogenesis. Canstatin, the non-collagenous 1 (NC1) domain of alpha2 chain of type IV collagen, was identified as an inhibitor of angiogenesis and tumor growth by Kamphaus et al. Our previous studies showed that canstatin-N, the N-terminal 1-89 amino acid fragment of canstatin, inhibited the neovascularization in a dose-dependent manner as tested by CAM assay. In the present study, we demonstrate that canstatin-N produced in Escherichia coli specifically inhibited in vitro the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECV304) and significantly induced apoptosis. The apoptosis-inducing activity of canstatin-N was much stronger than that of canstatin, indicating that the apoptosis-inducing activity of canstatin is likely located within its N-terminal 1-89 amino acid fragment. Canstatin-N also suppressed in vivo growth of B(16) murine melanoma in BALB/c mice at a dosage of 10mg/kg/day. These results suggest that canstatin-N is a useful candidate molecule for inhibition of tumor growth.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis