alexa Capsaicin-, resiniferatoxin-, and olvanil-induced adrenaline secretions in rats via the vanilloid receptor.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Watanabe T, Sakurada N, Kobata K

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Abstract The effects of capsaicin analogs on adrenaline secretion were investigated in rats. Capsaicin (20-100 microg/kg, i.v.) caused biphasic adrenaline secretion. Capsazepine (20 mg/kg, i.v.), a specific competitive antagonist of the vanilloid (capsaicin) receptor, strongly inhibited both phases of adrenaline secretion by capsaicin (50 microg/kg). Next, the effects of two capsaicin analogs on the adrenal catecholamine secretion were examined. Resiniferatoxin (20-200 ng/kg, i.v.), a naturally occurring phorbolester-like compound, provoked slow onset adrenaline secretion in a dose-dependent manner. Olvanil (2.46-246 microg/kg, i.v.), a synthesized non pungent capsaicin analog, also stimulated delayed catecholamine secretion dose-dependently. Capsazepine (20 mg/kg, i.v.) pretreatment prevented the resiniferatoxin (50 ng/kg)- and olvanil (24.6 microg/kg)-induced catecholamine secretion. These results suggest that some vanilloids (capsaicin, resiniferatoxin, olvanil) excite adrenaline secretion and such excitation is via the vanilloid receptor. This article was published in Biosci Biotechnol Biochem and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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