Author(s): Badruddoza AZ, Tay AS, Tan PY, Hidajat K, Uddin MS
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Abstract A novel nano-adsorbent, carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin modified Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles (CMCD-MNPs) is fabricated for removal of copper ions from aqueous solution by grafting CM-β-CD onto the magnetite surface via carbodiimide method. The characteristics results of FTIR, TEM, TGA and XPS show that CM-β-CD is grafted onto Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles. The grafted CM-β-CD on the Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles contributes to an enhancement of the adsorption capacity because of the strong abilities of the multiple hydroxyl and carboxyl groups in CM-β-CD to adsorb metal ions. The adsorption of Cu(2+) onto CMCD-MNPs is found to be dependent on pH and temperature. Adsorption equilibrium is achieved in 30 min and the adsorption kinetics of Cu(2+) is found to follow a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Equilibrium data for Cu(2+) adsorption are fitted well by Langmuir isotherm model. The maximum adsorption capacity for Cu(2+) ions is estimated to be 47.2mg/g at 25 °C. Furthermore, thermodynamic parameters reveal the feasibility, spontaneity and exothermic nature of the adsorption process. FTIR and XPS reveal that Cu(2+) adsorption onto CMCD-MNPs mainly involves the oxygen atoms in CM-β-CD to form surface-complexes. In addition, the copper ions can be desorbed from CMCD-MNPs by citric acid solution with 96.2\% desorption efficiency and the CMCD-MNPs exhibit good recyclability. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Hazard Mater
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry