alexa Cardiac cell sheet transplantation improves damaged heart function via superior cell survival in comparison with dissociated cell injection.
Surgery

Surgery

Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Sekine H, Shimizu T, Dobashi I, Matsuura K, Hagiwara N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Regenerative therapies have currently emerged as one of the most promising treatments for repair of the damaged heart. Recently, numerous researchers reported that isolated cell injection treatments can improve heart function in myocardial infarction models. However, significant cell loss due to primary hypoxia or cell wash-out and difficulty to control the location of the grafted cells remains problem. As an attempt to overcome these limitations, we have proposed cell sheet-based tissue engineering, which involves stacking confluently cultured cells (two-dimensional), cell sheets, to construct three-dimensional cell-dense tissues. Cell sheet transplantation has been able to recover damaged heart function. However, no detailed analysis for transplanted cell survival has been previously performed. The present study compared the survival of cardiac cell sheet transplantation to direct cell injection in a rat myocardial infarction model. Luciferase-expressing neonatal rat cardiac cells were harvested as cell sheets from temperature-responsive culture dishes. The transplantation of cell sheets was compared to the direct injection of isolated cells dissociated with trypsin-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. These grafts were transplanted to infarcted rat hearts and cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography at 2 and 4 weeks after transplantation. In vivo bioluminescence and histological analyses were performed to examine cell survival. Cell sheet transplantation consistently yielded greater cell survival than cell injection. Immunohistochemistry revealed that cardiac cell sheets existed over the infarcted area as an intact layer. In contrast, the injected cells were scattered with relatively few cardiomyocytes in the infarcted areas. Four weeks after transplantation, cardiac function was also significantly improved in the cell sheet transplantation group compared with the cell injection. Twenty-four hours after cell grafting, significantly greater numbers of mature capillaries were also observed in the cardiac cell sheet transplantation. Additionally, the numbers of apoptotic cells with deterioration of integrin-mediated attachment were significantly lower after cardiac cell sheet transplantation. In accordance with increased cell survival, cardiac function was significantly improved after cardiac cell sheet transplantation in comparison to cell injection. Cell sheet transplantation can repair damaged hearts through improved cell survival and should become a promising therapy in cardiovascular regenerative medicine. This article was published in Tissue Eng Part A and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Rheumatology and Arthritis Surgeons Meeting
    October 2-4, 2017 Las Vegas , USA
  • 3rd International Conference on Spinal Surgery
    October 16-18, 2017, Chicago, USA
  • Global surgeons meeting on Bariatric surgery
    October 30-November 1, 2017,San Antonio,USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords