alexa Cardiac hypertrophy is exacerbated in aged mice lacking the osteoprotegerin gene.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Metabolomics:Open Access

Author(s): Hao Y, Tsuruda T, SekitaHatakeyama Y, Kurogi S, Kubo K,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS: Osteoprotegerin (OPG) may play a role in the progression of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. However, its pathophysiological role in changes in cardiac structure and function with ageing remains to be elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted experiments using 2.5- and 12-month-old OPG(-/-) mice and age-matched wild-type (WT) mice and compared the morphology and function of the left ventricle (LV). Both 2.5- and 12-month-old OPG(-/-) mice showed a higher systolic blood pressure and a greater heart weight/body weight ratio than age-matched WT mice. Twelve-month-old OPG(-/-) mice had a significantly larger LV chamber and reduced wall thickness compared with age-matched WT mice, and contractile function was decreased. The morphological differences were accompanied by an increase in the number of apoptotic cells and activation of tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in the LV of 12-month-old OPG(-/-) mice. Correspondingly, OPG small interfering RNA induced the expressions of TRAIL and cleaved caspase-3 in cultured cardiac myocytes. In addition, these mice revealed a decrease in interstitial fibrosis, activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and tissue inhibitors of MMP-1 and -2, and inactivation of procollagen α1 synthesis. Moreover, intraperitoneal administration of recombinant OPG to either 2.5- or 12-month-old OPG(-/-) mice for 28 days led to partial improvement of LV structure and function without affecting systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that OPG plays a role in preserving myocardial structure and function with ageing through a reduction in apoptosis and preservation of the matrix structure. In addition, this appears to be independent of effects on the vasculature. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2016. For permissions please email: [email protected] This article was published in Cardiovasc Res and referenced in Metabolomics:Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords