alexa Cardiac macrophages and apoptosis after myocardial infarction: effects of central MR blockade.
Medicine

Medicine

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Rafatian N, Westcott KV, White RA, Leenen FH

Abstract Share this page

Abstract After myocardial infarction (post-MI), inflammation and apoptosis contribute to progressive cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. Cardiac mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and β-adrenergic signaling promote apoptosis and inflammation. Post-MI, MR activation in the brain contributes to sympathetic hyperactivity and an increase in cardiac aldosterone. In the present study, we assessed the time course of macrophage infiltration and apoptosis in the heart as detected by both terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and active caspase-3 immunostaining in both myocytes and nonmyocytes, as well as the effects of central MR blockade by intracerebroventricular infusion of eplerenone at 5 μg/day on peak changes in macrophage infiltration and apoptosis post-MI. Macrophage numbers were markedly increased in the infarct and peri-infarct zones and to a minor extent in the noninfarct part of the left ventricle at 10 days post-MI and decreased over the 3-mo study period. Apoptosis of both myocytes and nonmyocytes was clearly apparent in the infarct and peri-infarct areas at 10 days post-MI. For TUNEL, the increases persisted at 4 and 12 wk, but the number of active caspase-3-positive cells markedly decreased. Central MR blockade significantly decreased CD80-positive proinflammatory M1 macrophages and increased CD163-positive anti-inflammatory M2 macrophages in the infarct. Central MR blockade also reduced apoptosis of myocytes by 40-50\% in the peri-infarct and to a lesser extent of nonmyocytes in the peri-infarct and infarct zones. These findings indicate that MR activation in the brain enhances apoptosis both in myocytes and nonmyocytes in the peri-infarct and infarct area post-MI and contributes to the inflammatory response. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society. This article was published in Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Seema Narayan
    A comparative study of the link between real exchange rate of ASEAN countries and fossil fuel prices
    PDF Version
  • Navinchandra G. Ashar
    Comparative study of techno-economic evaluation of the production of liquid Sulphur Di Oxide
    PDF Version
  • Wei Gong
    Wei Gong-Huazhong-University-of-Science-and-Technology-China-Probabilistic-seismic-hazard-assessment-for-the-pseudo-negative-stiffness-control-of- a-steel-base-isolated-building-A-comparative-study-
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Abdullah Altin
    Abdullah-Altin-Van-Yuzuncu-Yıl-University-Turkey-A-comparative-study-on-optimization-of-machining-parameters-by-turning-nickel-based-super-alloys-according-to-taguchi-method
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nahla A El-Wakil
    Comparative study of enzymatic and chemical denaturation of wheat gluten and their cellulosic nanocomposites
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Krzysztof Wieczerzak
    A comparative transcriptome provides candidate genes for determination the cause of males infertility.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Flavia Secco Tavares de Souza
    A Comparative Study Among Elective Conventional Surgery, Urgency/Emergency Conventional Approaching and Elective Videolaparoscopic Surgery on the Treatment of Hospitalized Patients at First Surgeric Clinic of Federal Hospital of Bonsucesso with a Diagnostic of Colorectal adenocarcinoma, between January 2010 and December 2012
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Rajendra K Ray
    Comparative Study And Improvement Of Shallow-Water Models
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nisreen E. Mahmoud
    Parasitological and comparative pathological studies on monogenean infestation of cultured sea bream (Sparus aurata, Sparidae) in Egypt.
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords