alexa Cardiac MRI and CT: differentiation of normal ostium and intraseptal course from slitlike ostium and interarterial course in anomalous left coronary artery in children


Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Brothers JA

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OBJECTIVE: Anomalous left coronary artery from the inappropriate aortic sinus with intraseptal course is generally benign but can be confused on imaging studies with the potentially lethal interarterial, intramural anomalous left coronary artery. The purpose of this study was to assess normal ostial morphologic features and intraseptal course using cardiac MRI and CT in pediatric patients with intraseptal anomalous left coronary artery.  

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of the medical records of 14 children with the diagnosis of intraseptal anomalous left coronary artery between November 2009 and March 2013. Coronary artery origin and course were evaluated with cardiac MRI or CT, and 3D assessment of coronary ostial morphologic features was performed with virtual angioscopy.

RESULTS: The patient ages ranged from 5 to 18 years at diagnosis; 10 (71.4%) were boys. The right and left coronary origins were the right sinus of Valsalva as a common origin (n = 9) or a single coronary artery (n = 5). Anomalous intraseptal left main coronary was found in 13 patients, and one patient had anomalous left anterior descending with retroaortic circumflex coronary artery. Anomalous coronary ostia were round and without stenosis in all studies. The anomalous vessel was identified with echocardiography, but the anomalous left coronary artery was not delineated, and a normal ostium was not adequately portrayed in any instance.

CONCLUSION: By use of cardiac MRI and CT, the anomalous course of round coronary ostia was confirmed and visualized in a pediatric cohort with intraseptal anomalous left coronary artery. The data provide the basis for understanding the benign clinical course and showing that surgery is unnecessary for this coronary anomaly.

This article was published in AJR Am J Roentgenol and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

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