alexa Cardiomyocyte overexpression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase delays transition toward heart failure in response to pressure overload by preserving calcium cycling.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Loyer X, Gmez AM, Milliez P, FernandezVelasco M, Vangheluwe P,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Defects in cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) cycling are a signature feature of heart failure (HF) that occurs in response to sustained hemodynamic overload, and they largely account for contractile dysfunction. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) influences myocyte excitation-contraction coupling through modulation of Ca(2+) cycling, but the potential relevance of this in HF is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We generated a transgenic mouse with conditional, cardiomyocyte-specific NOS1 overexpression (double-transgenic [DT]) and studied cardiac remodeling, myocardial Ca(2+) handling, and contractility in DT and control mice subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC). After TAC, control mice developed eccentric hypertrophy with evolution toward HF as revealed by a significantly reduced fractional shortening. In contrast, DT mice developed a greater increase in wall thickness (P<0.0001 versus control+TAC) and less left ventricular dilatation than control+TAC mice (P<0.0001 for both end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions). Thus, DT mice displayed concentric hypertrophy with fully preserved fractional shortening (43.7+/-0.6\% versus 30.3+/-2.6\% in control+TAC mice, P<0.05). Isolated cardiomyocytes from DT+TAC mice had greater shortening, intracellular Ca(2+) transients, and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) load (P<0.05 versus control+TAC for all parameters). These effects could be explained, at least in part, through modulation of phospholamban phosphorylation status. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiomyocyte NOS1 may be a useful target against cardiac deterioration during chronic pressure-overload-induced HF through modulation of calcium cycling. This article was published in Circulation and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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