alexa Cardiopulmonary resuscitation artefact suppression using a Kalman filter and the frequency of chest compressions as the reference signal.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Ruiz J, Irusta U, Ruiz de Gauna S, Eftestl T

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Abstract AIM: To develop a new method to suppress the artefact generated by chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) using only the frequency of the compressions as additional information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CPR artefact suppression method was developed and tested using a database of 381 ECG records (89 shockable and 292 non-shockable) from 299 patients. All records were extracted from real out-of-hospital cardiac arrest episodes. The suppression method consists of a Kalman filter that uses the frequency of the measured compressions to estimate the artefact and to remove it from the ECG. The performance of the filter was evaluated by comparing the sensitivity and specificity of an automated external defibrillator before and after the artefact suppression. RESULTS: For the test database, the sensitivity improved from 57.8\% (95\% confidence interval, 43.3-71.0\%) to 93.3\% (81.5-98.4\%) and the specificity decreased from 92.5\% (87.0-95.9\%) to 89.1\% (83.0-93.3\%). CONCLUSION: For a similar sensitivity, we obtained better specificity than that reported for other methods, although still short of the values recommended by the American Heart Association. The results suggest that the CPR artefact can be accurately modelled using only the frequency of the compressions. This information could be easily acquired through the defibrillator's CPR help pads, with minimal hardware modifications. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Resuscitation and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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