alexa Cardiovascular effects of nalbuphine in patients with coronary or valvular heart disease
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Lake CL, Duckworth EN, DiFazio CA, Durbin CG, Magruder MR

Abstract Share this page

Although the hemodynamic changes produced by small doses of nalbuphine given to patients with cardiac disease are minimal, the cardiovascular effects of large doses which have been used as supplements for general anesthesia have not been investigated. Cardiovascular variables were measured after incremental doses of nalbuphine, up to 2 or 3 mg/kg in fourteen patients with coronary artery disease with normal left ventricular function and in seven patients with mitral valve disease. No significant changes in cardiac index, stroke work index, mean arterial pressure, pulmonary diastolic or wedge pressure, heart rate, or central venous pressure occurred in the preoperative period. However, nalbuphine alone did not produce surgical anesthesia and the addition of diazepam, nitrous oxide, or halothane was required in all patients. The addition of halothane coupled with surgical stimulation significantly decreased cardiac and stroke indices, increased mean arterial and pulmonary wedge pressures, and increased systemic vascular resistance in patients with coronary artery disease. In patients with mitral valve disease, following surgical incision, there were small but significant decreases in cardiac index and left ventricular stoke work index, and increases in systemic vascular resistance. Despite its lack of deleterious hemodynamic effects, the place of nalbuphine in the armamentarium of the anesthesiologist must be limited to use as a premedicant, as an adjunct to balanced anesthesia, or for postoperative pain relief.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Anesthesiology and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords