alexa Carotenoid content of chlorophycean microalgae: factors determining lutein accumulation in Muriellopsis sp. (Chlorophyta).
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Del Campo JA, Moreno J, Rodrguez H, Vargas MA, Rivas J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Fifteen strains of chlorophycean microalgae have been investigated with regard to their carotenoid profile. Lutein, beta-carotene and violaxanthin were present in virtually all of the strains, lutein, in general, being the most abundant carotenoid, whereas canthaxanthin and astaxanthin were found in some strains only. Chlorella fusca SAG 211-8b, Chlorococcum citriforme SAG 62.80, Muriellopsis sp., Neospongiococcum gelatinosum SAG B 64.80 and Chlorella zofingiensis CCAP 211/14 exhibited high lutein levels, the latter strain containing in addition substantial amounts of astaxanthin. Muriellopsis sp. was further characterized, since besides a high lutein content (up to 35 mg l(-1) culture), it had the highest growth rate (up to 0.17-0.23 h(-1)) and maximal standing cell density (up to 8 x 10(10) cells l(-1) culture). These levels of lutein are in the range of those reported for astaxanthin in Haematococcus and for beta-carotene in Dunaliella, microalgae of recognized interest for the production of these carotenoids. Lutein content of Muriellopsis sp. increased during the exponential phase of growth, with the highest value being recorded in the early stationary phase. Maximum levels of lutein in Muriellopsis sp. cultures were recorded at 20-40 mM NaNO3, 2-100 mM NaCl, 460 micromol photon m(-2) s(-1), pH 6.5 and 28 degrees C, conditions which were, in general, also optimal for cell growth. Growth-limiting conditions, such as pH values of 6 or 9 and a temperature of 33 degrees C, were found to stimulate carotenogenesis in Muriellopsis sp. This strain represents a potential source of lutein, a commercially interesting carotenoid of application in aquaculture and poultry farming, as well as in the prevention of cancer and diseases related to retinal degeneration.
This article was published in J Biotechnol and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords