Author(s): Bednar JM, Osterman AL, Bednar JM, Osterman AL
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Abstract Carpal instability is a common cause of wrist pain, motion loss, and disability. Diagnosis and treatment of carpal instability are dependent on a clear understanding of wrist anatomy and carpal kinematics, both normal and pathologic, as well as their relation to the current concepts regarding management. A brief review of anatomy and normal kinematics is presented, followed by a detailed discussion of specific instability patterns, including pathomechanics. A treatment algorithm is provided, detailing the authors' preferred treatment for the most common instability patterns.
This article was published in J Am Acad Orthop Surg
and referenced in International Journal of Inflammation, Cancer and Integrative Therapy