alexa Carrier-mediated uptake of 1-(2-methoxyethyl)-2-methyl-4,9-dioxo-3-(pyrazin-2-ylmethyl)-4,9-dihydro-1H-naphtho[2,3-d]imidazolium bromide (YM155 monobromide), a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant, into human solid tumor and lymphoma cells.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Minematsu T, Iwai M, Sugimoto K, Shirai N, Nakahara T, , Minematsu T, Iwai M, Sugimoto K, Shirai N, Nakahara T,

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Abstract 1-(2-Methoxyethyl)-2-methyl-4,9-dioxo-3-(pyrazin-2-ylmethyl)-4,9-dihydro-1H-naphtho[2,3-d]imidazolium bromide (YM155 monobromide) is a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant that induces the down-regulation of survivin and exhibits potent antitumor activity in nude mice bearing the human hormone refractory prostate carcinoma cell line PC-3. In this study, radioluminographic determination of the in vivo distribution of radioactivity after administration of [(14)C]YM155 to PC-3-xenografted nude mice revealed a relatively high level of radioactivity in the PC-3 xenograft. Therefore, the uptake of [(14)C]YM155 was further characterized in vitro using PC-3, lung cancer (Calu-6 and NCI-H358), malignant melanoma (A375 and SK-MEL-5), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (RL and Ramos) cell lines. The uptake of [(14)C]YM155 in these cell lines was dependent on incubation time, temperature, and drug concentration. The Michaelis-Menten constant values were similar among the seven cell lines (0.189-0.367 microM). The effects of various compounds on the uptake of [(14)C]YM155 were tested in PC-3, Calu-6, A375, RL, and Ramos cell lines. Of the compounds tested, the cationic transporter substrates/inhibitors (tetraethylammonium, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridium, cimetidine, prazosin, corticosterone, verapamil, amantadine, procainamide, and N-methylnicotinamide) inhibited the uptake of [(14)C]YM155 to a similar extent among the five cell lines. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration values (IC(50)) of several compounds for the uptake of [(14)C]YM155 into PC-3 differed from those reported in the literature for human organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1/SLC22A1), OCT2 (SLC22A2), and OCT3 (SLC22A3). To summarize, YM155 was taken up into cancer cells in a carrier-mediated manner and with a similar affinity among all the cancer cell lines tested. An influx transporter(s) may contribute to this process. This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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