alexa Caspase cleavage of the nuclear autoantigen LEDGF p75 abrogates its pro-survival function: implications for autoimmunity in atopic disorders.
Oncology

Oncology

Breast Cancer: Current Research

Author(s): Wu X, Daniels T, Molinaro C, Lilly MB, Casiano CA

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Abstract Lens epithelium-derived growth factor p75 (LEDGF/p75) is a nuclear autoantigen in atopic disorders implicated in cellular protection against stress-induced apoptosis. We observed that LEDGF/p75 was cleaved during apoptosis into fragments of 65 and 58 kD generated by caspases-3 and -7 cleaving at three sites: DEVPD30/G, DAQD486/G and WEID85/N. Sequence analysis revealed that the DEVPD30/G and WEID85/N sites lie within the highly conserved HATH (homologous to amino terminus of hepatoma-derived growth factor) region, also known as PWWP domain. Alignment of proteins containing this domain failed to reveal conservation of the DEVPD30/G and WEID85/N sites, suggesting that the HATH/PWWP domain of LEDGF/p75 may be specifically targeted by caspases. Overexpression of LEDGF/p75 protected HepG2 cells from serum starvation-induced cell death, whereas expression of the 65 kD fragment failed to protect. The apoptotic cleavage of LEDGF/p75 may contribute to the pathogenesis of atopic disorders by abrogating its pro-survival function and enhancing its immunogenicity. This article was published in Cell Death Differ and referenced in Breast Cancer: Current Research

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