alexa Cataract research using electronic health records.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

International Journal of Biomedical Data Mining

Author(s): Waudby CJ, Berg RL, Linneman JG, Rasmussen LV, Peissig PL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The eMERGE (electronic MEdical Records and Genomics) network, funded by the National Human Genome Research Institute, is a national consortium formed to develop, disseminate, and apply approaches to research that combine DNA biorepositories with electronic health record (EHR) systems for large-scale, high-throughput genetic research. Marshfield Clinic is one of five sites in the eMERGE network and primarily studied: 1) age-related cataract and 2) HDL-cholesterol levels. The purpose of this paper is to describe the approach to electronic evaluation of the epidemiology of cataract using the EHR for a large biobank and to assess previously identified epidemiologic risk factors in cases identified by electronic algorithms. METHODS: Electronic algorithms were used to select individuals with cataracts in the Personalized Medicine Research Project database. These were analyzed for cataract prevalence, age at cataract, and previously identified risk factors. RESULTS: Cataract diagnoses and surgeries, though not type of cataract, were successfully identified using electronic algorithms. Age specific prevalence of both cataract (22\% compared to 17.2\%) and cataract surgery (11\% compared to 5.1\%) were higher when compared to the Eye Diseases Prevalence Research Group. The risk factors of age, gender, diabetes, and steroid use were confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: Using electronic health records can be a viable and efficient tool to identify cataracts for research. However, using retrospective data from this source can be confounded by historical limits on data availability, differences in the utilization of healthcare, and changes in exposures over time.
This article was published in BMC Ophthalmol and referenced in International Journal of Biomedical Data Mining

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Sankaran Rajendran
    Mapping of volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS) deposits of using satellite data
    PDF Version
  • Dwi Astuti
    Phylogenetic position of Psittacula parakeet bird from Enggano Island, Indonesia based on analyses of cytochrome b gene sequences
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Dongmei Li
    Dongmei Li- University-of-Rochester-An-evaluation-of-statistical-methods-for-DNA-methylation-microarray-data-analysis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Francis Jeshira Reynoso
    The clinical phenotype of PIGN deficiency and consequences of defective GPI biogenesis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Benjamin Y. M. Yung
    A Big Data Analysis Platform to Unveil Gene Interactions in Cancer
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Isac da Silva Ferreira Lima
    Factors related with early treatment for malaria in the Brazilian Amazon: A multivariable approach using a ten-year population-based malaria surveillance database
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Paul A Levy
    Examining the Social and Physical Environment of Adolescent Substance Users in Shanghai and East Baltimore
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Yosef Yarden
    Classically, the 3’untranslated region (3’UTR) is that region in eukaryotic protein-coding genes from the translation termination codon to the polyA signal. It is transcribed as an integral part of the mRNA encoded by the gene. However, there exists another kind of RNA, which consists of the 3’UTR alone, without all other elements in mRNA such as 5’UTR and coding region. The importance of independent 3’UTR RNA (referred as I3’UTR) was prompted by results of artificially introducing such RNA species into malignant mammalian cells. Since 1991, we found that the middle part of the 3’UTR of the human nuclear factor for interleukin-6 (NF-IL6) or C/EBP gene exerted tumor suppression effect in vivo. Our subsequent studies showed that transfection of C/EBP 3’UTR led to down-regulation of several genes favorable for malignancy and to up-regulation of some genes favorable for phenotypic reversion. Also, it was shown that the sequences near the termini of the C/EBP 3’UTR were important for its tumor suppression activity. Then, the C/EBP 3’UTR was found to directly inhibit the phosphorylation activity of protein kinase CPKC in SMMC-7721, a hepatocarcinoma cell line. Recently, an AU-rich region in the C/EBP 3’UTR was found also to be responsible for its tumor suppression. Recently we have also found evidence that the independent C/EBP 3’UTR RNA is actually exists in human tissues, such as fetal liver and heart, pregnant uterus, senescent fibroblasts etc. Through 1990’s to 2000’s, world scientists found several 3’UTR RNAs that functioned as artificial independent RNAs in cancer cells and resulted in tumor suppression. Interestingly, majority of genes for these RNAs have promoter-like structures in their 3’UTR regions, although the existence of their transcribed products as independent 3’UTR RNAs is still to be confirmed. Our studies indicate that the independent 3’UTR RNA is a novel non-coding RNA species whose function should be the regulation not of the expression of their original mRNA, but of some essential life activities of the cell as a whole.
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Nwankwo Norbert Ikechukwu
    Direct computerized translation of biological data into biological information is now feasible: The gains of digital signal processing-based bioinformatics techniques
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jorge Castilla Gómez
    Urban mining: The way to reach a real sustainability
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • T Chris Gamblin
    T-Chris-Gamblin-University-of-Kansas-USA-Mining-the-A.-nidulans-metabolome-for-tau-aggregation-inhibitors
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ranjani Kulawardhana
    The role of elevation, relative sea level history, and land cover conversions in determining carbon distributions in Spartinaalternifloradominated salt marshes in Galveston, Texas
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Momiao Xiong
    Integrative Image and RNA-seq Data Analysis
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Jay A Brown
    Harnessing the power of Infectious disease information with a relational database
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • James J Cimino
    Querying Four Decades of Clinical Research Data at the National Institutes of Health
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

OMICS International Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version