alexa Cationized human serum albumin as a non-viral vector system for gene delivery? Characterization of complex formation with plasmid DNA and transfection efficiency.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Fischer D, Bieber T, Brsselbach S, Elssser H, Kissel T, Fischer D, Bieber T, Brsselbach S, Elssser H, Kissel T

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Abstract Cationized human serum albumin (cHSA) could serve as a potential non-viral vector system for gene delivery. Native human serum albumin was cationized by covalent coupling of hexamethylenediamine to the carboxyl groups resulting in a shift of the isoelectric point from pH 4-5 to 7-9. The cationized albumin underwent spontaneous self-assembly with DNA as demonstrated by retardation of CMV-nlacZ plasmid in agarose gel electrophoresis. Photon correlation spectroscopy showed a decrease of complex size with increasing cHSA/plasmid ratios. Under optimized conditions complexes were formed with 230-260 nm mean diameter and a homogenous, narrow size distribution. At room temperature complexes were stable in 0.9\% sodium chloride solution pH 7.4 for 1 h without aggregation. Process parameters such as albumin concentration, incubation time, temperature, pH, order of reagent addition, the presence of bivalent ions and the ionic strength of the complexation medium all influenced the complex size. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed interactions of a Texas Red labeled cationized albumin with cell membranes of ECV 304 cells and an enhanced endocytic uptake compared to native albumin. The potential for introducing exogeneous DNA into cells was shown using NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Successful, albeit low reporter gene expression could be achieved in the presence of chloroquine. Under in vitro conditions no toxic effect could be observed. In conclusion, cationized albumin may have promise as a non-toxic vector for gene delivery, especially for DNA vaccination.
This article was published in Int J Pharm and referenced in Immunome Research

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