alexa Caudal epidural block in children and infants: retrospective analysis of 2088 cases.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Beyaz SG, Tokgz O, Tfek A

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Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Regional anesthesia is usually preferred as caudal block via the epidural space. However, the number of large-scale studies including pediatric caudal blocks is small. The objective of this study was to evaluate complications and side effects of local anesthetics and adjuvant drugs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective, descriptive study of cases occurring during the period December 2007 to October 2009. METHODS: Of 4815 medical records were screened, 2088 pediatric cases were identified and included in this study. RESULTS: As a local anesthetic, we preferred mostly levobupivacaine in 1669 (79.9\%) patients and bupivacaine in 419 (20.1\%) patients. As adjuvant drug, we preferred mostly morphine (41 patients), fentanyl (7 patients) and adrenaline (6 patients) in 54 (2.5\%) patients. For general anesthesia induction, we preferred mostly propofol (1996 patients, 94.2\%); for maintenance, sevoflurane (1773 patients, 84.9\%). For airway control, we preferred mostly the ProSeal laryngeal mask (PLMA), in 1008 (48.2\%) patients. One thousand six hundred five (76.9\%) patients were from outpatient clinics and 483 (23.1\%) patients were from inpatient clinics. No permanent complication was encountered after caudal blocks. CONCLUSION: We conclude that caudal epidural blocks are a safe and effective method for subumbilical day-case pediatric surgeries when performed by anesthetists.
This article was published in Ann Saudi Med and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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