alexa Cause of oral ulcers in HIV-infected patients: a study of 19 cases.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Piluso S, Ficarra G, Lucatorto FM, Orsi A, Dionisio D, , Piluso S, Ficarra G, Lucatorto FM, Orsi A, Dionisio D,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To study the cause and clinical aspects of oral ulcers in HIV-infected patients. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-one consecutive HIV-positive patients with long-standing oral ulcers were examined; 19 were evaluated by biopsy. From these 19 cases, viral, bacterial, and fungal cultures and biopsies were taken in each patient. When indicated, special microbial stains were undertaken to identify bacteria or fungi. Ten cases without granulomatous bacterial fungal or lymphomatous features were available for in situ hybridization to detect viral DNA of herpes simplex virus 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster virus, and Epstein-Barr virus. RESULTS: Most of the oral ulcers occurred in patients with severe immunodepression. Median CD4 T-lymphocyte count was 60 cell/mm3 (range, 3 to 335). It was ascertained that nine (47\%) patients had nonspecific aphthous-like ulcers, and ulcers caused by herpes group viruses were identified in six (31.5\%) patients. One (5\%) person was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and in one (5\%) patient, multiple ulcers were an expression of lues maligna. Two ulcers (10.5\%) in the palate harbored mycotic granulomatous foci (cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis). In this population, almost all of these ulcers were found to be large, persistent, and painful. CONCLUSIONS: Nontumefactive oral ulcers in HIV-positive patients may be a source of diagnostic difficulties because of the diverse array of underlying pathologic entities and multiplicity of etiologic agents. Biopsy should always be performed on long-standing ulcers because either infection or a neoplastic process may be extant. In the absence of infection or neoplasm, such lesions are then designated as ulcers not otherwise specified.
This article was published in Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod and referenced in Immunome Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords