alexa Causes and consequences of incomplete HIV RNA suppression in clinical trials.
Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Author(s): Pozniak A, Gupta RK, Pillay D, Arribas J, Hill A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The current goal of antiretroviral treatment is suppression of HIV RNA below 50 copies/mL. However, there is evidence for residual low-level plasma viraemia below 50 copies/mL for people with HIV RNA suppression on antiretroviral treatment. It is not clear whether more profound suppression of HIV RNA would lead to a lower risk of virological failure on antiretroviral treatment or emergent drug resistance. There is high variability in the currently used HIV RNA PCR assays for samples with HIV RNA levels close to the detection lower limit of 40-50 copies/mL. For patients who have HIV RNA levels just above 50 copies/mL (often called "single blips"), a repeat sample should be taken to investigate the possibility of technical error. In a systematic review of 48-week efficacy from randomized clinical trials (N = 8,083), patients were significantly more likely to show HIV RNA levels between 50-400 copies/mL while taking fi rst-line boosted PI-based HAART (7.3\%) compared with fi rst-line NNRTI-based HAART (4.5\%) (p < 0.01). However in a systematic review of emergent drug resistance at failure in the same trials, there was also a significantly lower risk of emerging drug resistance after virological failure of boosted PI-based HAART (p < 0.01). Therefore, HIV RNA blips between 50-400 copies/mL may have different consequences for different classes of antiretrovirals. The most widely used method to analyse HIV RNA in clinical trials - time to loss of virological response (TLOVR) - uses two consecutive HIV RNA measurements to define both virological success and failure. However, other methods may improve precision and increase statistical power. This article was published in HIV Clin Trials and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    November 13-14, 2017 Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords